The diversity and longevity of Australia's first peoples and the ways they are connected to Country/Place (e.g. land, sea, waterways, skies) and their pre-contact ways of life (ACHASSK083)
The journey(s) of at least one world navigator, explorer or trader up to the late 18th century (e.g. Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan), including their contacts and exchanges with societies in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania, and the impact on one society (ACHASSK084)
Stories of the First Fleet, including reasons for the journey, who travelled to Australia, and their experiences following arrival (e.g. treatment of convicts, daily lives, social order) (ACHASSK085)
The nature of contact between Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples and others (e.g. the Macassans, Europeans) and the impact that these interactions and colonisation had on the environment and people's lives (e.g. dispossession, dislocation, the loss of lives through conflict, disease, loss of food sources and medicines) (ACHASSK086)
Big Question: Why did the great journeys occur?
Lesson 1: The Age of Exploration
Whole Class Discussion
What motivated people from the fifteenth century to explore?
What risks did the early explorers take in the hope of discovering new places?
Why do people still explore today?
What is missing from the 1560s Map of the World below?
In the early 1400s, Zheng He led the largest ships in the world on seven voyages of exploration to the lands around the Indian Ocean, demonstrating Chinese excellence at shipbuilding and navigation. In 1433, the government suddenly called them off.
Whole Class Discussion
Why was China known as 'the ruler of the sea'?
What was the name given to Chinese ships?
Who led China on its greatest voyage in 1405?
TASK: Read the text as a whole class. Independent: Answer the questions that follow in your HASS books. You can refer back to the text for your answers. Use full sentence answers please!
Activity:Build a 15th Century Boat Before you attach the sails. Write some facts about Zheng He and Chinese Exploration on them. You can find more information by clicking on the picture to the right.
Lesson 3- Early Explorers of Australia
Willem Jansz: Back in March 1606, Dutch explorer Willem Jansz, Commanded the Duyfken ship,mapped 300k's of land, Sailing down the western side,of Cape York Pe-nin-su-la, He'd made history by discovering the land Australia.
Luis Vaez de Torres / Pedro Fernandez de Quiros: From Peru two Spanish seamen went on search for more terrain, One named Quiros had rebellious crew and not much did he gain. Torres led the expedition,he succeeded, found his fate, Was the first to sail the seas up north, it's now named 'Torres Strait'.
Dirk Hartog: When Dirk Hartog sailed to Javathe 'Eendracht' was blown off course, His ship landed on an island,the strong winds had so much force. He continued sailing north,mapping the West Australian coast Then wrote a message on a pewter plate and nailed it to a post.
Abel Tasman: In 1642 when asked to start exploring southern seas, Tasman commanded two ships and navigated them with ease He first discovered Tasmania and named it 'Van Diemen's Land' Then found New Zealand and went back to map the space called 'New Holland'.
William Dampier: An explorer, William Dampier,born 1651 Was first to circumnavigate the world, he was an Englishman He sailed the 'Roebuck' to New Holland but it took on water fast Though he managed to get good records of the surroundings at last.
James Cook: It was on the ship 'Endeavour' that Cook found Bo-ta-ny Bay, Joseph Banks helped name the florathen they continued their way. Having found the eastern coast,Cook named the state of New South Wales, In Hawaii natives killed him,crewmen lived to tell his tales.
Matthew Flinders: Matthew Flinders was the first to sail around our whole country, With his wife living in England,his cat Trim was company. From his efforts we now know Tasmania is not joined on, Many landmarks with his names how that his legacy lives on.